Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among women in the United States; it is not just a "man's disease." It is a class of diseases that involves the heart and blood vessels, and includes such conditions as: hypertension, coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and vascular diseases of the brain and kidneys.
See also: Stroke
- Cardiovascular Disease Consumer Fact Sheet
- Cardio/Cerebrovascular Diseases Scientific Fact Sheet
- Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Disease (2012)
- 2011 10Q Report: Advancing Women’s Heart Health through Improved Research, Diagnosis and Treatment
- SWHR ISIS Network on Cardiovascular Disease
- The Beat of the Future: Advances in Cardiac Technology (Briefing, February 2007)
- News Service Articles on this Topic
- SWHR, WomenHeart. 2011 10Q report: advancing women’s heart health through improved research, diagnosis and treatment. 2011 Jun:1-17.
- Miller VM. Sex differences in cardiovascular disease. Sexuality, Reprod & Menopause. 2011 Aug;9(3):21-28.
- Resnick EM, Simon VR, Iskikian SO, Marts SA; Society for Women's Health Research. Future research in sex differences in obesity and cardiovascular disease: report by the Society for Women's Health Research. J Investig Med. 2007 Mar;55(2):75-85.
- SWHR, WomenHeart. The 10 Q report: advancing women’s heart health
through improved research, diagnosis and treatment. 2006 Feb 16:1-13.
- Fannon SA, Marts SA. Sex, hormones and the cardiovascular system. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Oct;13(8):320-1.
- SWHR, Fagan T. Understanding the biology of sex differences: scientific advisory meeting: sex differences in cardiovascular health & disease. 2002 Jul 24:1-38.
- Engberding N, Wenger NK. Management of hypertension in women. Hypertens Res. 2012 Mar;35(3):251-60. Epub 2011 Dec 8.
- Kostis WJ, Cheng JQ, Dobrzynski JM, Cabrera J, Kostis JB. Meta-Analysis of Statin Effects in Women Versus Men. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012;59(6):572-582.
- Taylor KE, Vallejo-Giraldo C, Schaible NS, Zakeri R, Miller VM. Reporting of sex as a variable in cardiovascular studies using cultured cells. Biol Sex Differences. 2011 Nov 7;2(11):1-7.
- Goveas JS, Espeland MA, Hogan P, Dotson V, Tarima S, Coker LH, Ockene J, Brunner R, Woods NF, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Kotchen JM, Resnick S. Depressive symptoms, brain volumes and subclinical cerebrovascular disease in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative MRI Study. J Affect Disord. 2011 Jul;132(1-2):275-84. Epub 2011 Feb 24.
- Conen D, Chiuve SE, Everett BM, Zhang SM, Buring JE, Albert CM. Caffeine consumption and incident atrial fibrillation in women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Sep;92(3):509-14. Epub 2010 Jun 23.
- Hsia J, Rodabough RJ, Manson JE, Liu S, Freiberg MS, Graettinger W, Rosal MC, Cochrane B, Lloyd-Jones D, Robinson JG, Howard BV; Women's Health Initiative Research Group. Evaluation of the American Heart Association cardiovascular disease prevention guideline for women. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2010 Mar;3(2):128-34. Epub 2010 Feb 16.
- PubMed Articles on this Topic
- "From the Heart," Kathy Kastan, L.C.S.W., M.A.Ed., 2007
- "Cardiovascular Health and Disease in Women," Pamela Douglas, M.D., 2002
- "Women Are Not Small Men: Life-Saving Strategies for Preventing and Healing Heart Disease in Women," Nieca Goldberg, M.D., 2002
- "The Female Heart," Marianne Legato, M.D., 2000
- "Cardiovascular Disease in the Octogenarian and Beyond," Nanette K. Wenger, M.D., 1999
- "Coronary Artery Disease in Women: What All Physicians Need to Know," Pamela Charney, M.D. (Editor), 1999
- "Women, Stress, and Heart Disease," Kristina Orth-Gomer (Editor), 1998
- "The Essential Heart Book for Women," Morris Notelovitz, M.D., Ph.D., 1997
- "Women & Heart Disease," Desmond G. Julian, M.D., Nanette K. Wenger, M.D., 1997